Saturday, August 31, 2019
Controlled Assessment Before 1914, some women were discriminated against and were seen as second class citizens. The ideal job for the working class women were found in and around the home, which was greatly related to domestic jobs. They were known as Ã¢â¬Å"domestic servantsÃ¢â¬ as they had to do all of the house chores and obey the orders of the house owners, for example, the mother, the father, the son or even the daughter. They had a really low paid job as they had no skill in which they could rely on to get a job, meaning that they were forced to stick with the domestic jobs. However, they were guaranteed food, shelter and clothes, depending on the generosity of the employer the servant would gain more or less. In this controlled assessment I will be talking about 5 sources that explain to us how womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives were affected by World War I. During the World War, some British womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives had completely altered. Looking at the source, it tells us that the munitions girls were always good company. It also tells us that they were very generous and kind, since the girls offered to pay for the soldier. The source is a secondary source as it was an interview for a book made up of personal memories, which was written in 1990. Also, this interview was with H.V. Shawyer, a soldier during WWI. The purpose of this source is to educate people that want to know peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s personal memories and how their lives were changed by the war. This source is reliable as it was created for a book, made to educate people and since it is a book, it will contain many similar stories relating to the war and the munitions girls. Source 4 is a primary source and is a poster. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also an image of a woman ploughing on a farm. The source implies to us that women can do most things that are meant for men to do; therefore women are equal to men in most ways. The poster was created in 1917, which was during WWI. It was created by the Government, who were seeking recruits for the WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Land Army. Since the men were at the World War, the Government called for the women to take over the menÃ¢â¬â¢s jobs but were only paid minimum wage. For example, out of 260,000 women needed for the jobs, only 48,000 volunteered. This is because the jobs the women faced did not appeal to them, meaning that most of the women wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t take up the jobs. The purpose of this propaganda poster was to persuade women to join the WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Land Army since the men were too busy at the war. This third source was taken from a website focused at GCSE History students, most likely created by a historian. It was created in 2006 and is aimed at GCSE History students; it is also a secondary source as it was created after the World War occurred so it also gains the benefit of hindsight. The purpose of this source was to inform and educate GCSE students studying for History. This source is quite trustworthy since itÃ¢â¬â¢s from BBC, a trusted website. Also, it was most likely created by experienced Historians, willing to educate students for their exams. It is also quite useful as it informs you about World War I, and how it proved to be a turning point for women. This next source I will be talking about is a secondary source and is a letter. It is taken from a letter by Mrs H. Felstead, who was writing it in to the Imperial War Museum. It was a letter created in 1976. The Imperial War Museum asked for memories from women that were involved in the War. The source was created to inform people on what women gained during the war. The source is actually fairly reliable as it informs us on what women gained during the War; however, there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t enough knowledge on who she is so this makes the source fairly reliable. This source is quite useful to somebody studying on how womenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives were affected during the War as it gives us personal stories from these women, and is written from their own point of view. The last source I will be talking about is a secondary source and is an extract from a History book talking about womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. The source was created in 1932 and is an extract from a History book. The source was also created by a woman named Sylvia Pankhurst. The source was created to persuade people to allow womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights, such as the vote. However, this is not enough as Sylvia wanted more womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights. The source is fairly reliable as she is trying to campaign for womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights by using detailed facts about women, however, she could be lying by creating false facts to help gain rights for women. The source is also quite useful to women wanting to know about womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights and who campaigned to gain womenÃ¢â¬â¢s rights.
Friday, August 30, 2019
We had visit to an orphanage named Rumah Hope which located in Paramount Garden , Petaling Jaya on 2nd March. We entered the premises of the orphanage with a sense of exciting and strange, as more than 50 pairs of mischievous eyes peered at us, and we made our way to the kitchen. The event started with introduction among us . The activities followed with Goy singing two beautiful songs. His voice touched the chord of each one present in the room.It followed with fun games like Ã¢â¬ËIce and WaterÃ¢â¬â¢ where all the kids as well as the team members had a gala time running around. We created various type of activities for the kids and we could feel the happiness from them. I was the photographer at the moment and of course , I took a lot of photos. By this time, everyone in the room was hungry to the core. The kids were provided with a sumptuous meal of KFC funded by the us.One important detail which could have been missed was the way the kids prayed before commencing their lunch w as a prayer which was led by a small yet sprightly Jason. The visit to the orphanage not only showed us the ugly truth about life, it also gave us something to look within ourselves , that we were blessed in our present circumstances. The experience was harsh, like a slap on the face and yet it the bright smiles on the faces of each and every child on that day did more than just lift their spirits and look at the brighter side of what we had done for the children.
Thursday, August 29, 2019
With drying of sea water, touching of oil prices to its peak, damaging of roads and streets, disappearing of electricity in cities is clearly giving idea of present condition of Pakistan. According to revolutionary Russian leader Lenin defined socialism as, Ã¢â¬Å"the electrifician of the whole country and the transfer of power to the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s representativesÃ¢â¬ (cited by Kabir, 2002). For revolutionary development of any country, it is important that the country should be electrifying. As all industries and business which help to rise economy of country depends on energy in one form or another. Since many years, the looming energy crisis in Pakistan has covered us like spider net but, in recent months it has been increased and got a massive shape that could damage the economy and autonomy of the country. According to one report in The News, Ã¢â¬Å"this summer, the country faced an electricity deficit of over 2,500 megawatts (MW) Ã¢â¬ ¦ it is feared that by 2010 the gap between demand and supply could reach up to 8,000 MWÃ¢â¬ (Asif, 2007). Breakdown of power supply to cities has devastating effects on economical and social aspects of country, which could reduce by some strategies and principles. According to environment report given by Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (2005), Ã¢â¬Å"Pakistan has 18 gigawatts of electric generating capacity. Ã¢â¬ This power generating capacity has been increased in few years with aids of foreign investors. Blackouts and transmission losses are still in tradition in some areas due to inefficient quality of infrastructure, illegal power supply (Kunda system), water shortage, poor co-ordination between power supply agencies, extraneous electricity decoration. There are only two main state-owned power sector in Pakistan i. e. Water and Power Supply Authority (WAPDA) and Karachi Electricity Supply Cooperation (KESC). Cooperation of these two sectors makes electricity able to transmit and distribute in all region of Pakistan.
Diplomatic Immunity - Essay Example (Curtis, pp 345-500, 1999) After this whole research, there is one basic phenomenon which is the major reason in setting the country apart from the Central Europe. In Bucharest legal some of the popular brand names are Romania while on the other hand mostly from the USA and UK none of them have any local branch of office. Few popular names among the top 100 global firms includes (Curtis, pp 345-500, 1999) Joerg Menzer once said "There are many strong local based law firms which are most reputable as compare to other firms". (Curtis, pp 345-500, 1999) Due to the improper work of some leading global companies some smaller companies are setting and building up shops and getting and gaining name and fame side by side. This situation is due to the absence of the large markets and due to their improper work. When they are not properly working they will slowly loose their name and with the help of this situation on the other hand many other small companies build up their standard. (Curtis, pp 345-500, 1999) Apart from this situation there are many giant companies which are now working with small global market in order to make their position in the market. They always work with other smaller companies when they are not getting anything from the bigger one. Many companies without having any offices intervene on the market of Romania. Companies like Norton Rose Freshfields and Allen Clifford Chance After working since seven years, the most reputable company linklaters has gained up on the good quality of the personnel. (Bardo, pp74-78, 1998) There are such type of companies which while working with smaller companies for a limited time period gain a lot of praise and reputation which they can't gain when they are working with a good and huge companies. This is the reason that why and how diplomats are now working and gaining money. The most important discussion now a days is the break-Out with the help of international firms. Most of the lawyer wants to solve it by themselves while some wants to carry it with the help of a group work. And this was the reason that by the end of 2006 the lawyers decided to plan a group of 15 members in order to solve this major problem. (Bardo, pp74-78, 1998) Here arises a critical and one of the important question that if the market develops, in return clients will always need more complex and critical services while at present most of the law firms are focusing on the volume. (Bardo, pp74-78, 1998) Diplomats are now working as they are working in any law market. They have now no danger and they are working freely. (Bardo, pp74-78, 1998) The law market is not purely saturated and this is the reason that why most of the lawyers were surprised when they observed the situation
Wednesday, August 28, 2019
Field site task - Essay Example Studies of Society and Environment (SOSE) is an essential part of almost all the Tasmanian educational institutions has been designed and implemented at school level. It contains variety of disciplines in their vast fold including History and Geography in particular and Anthropology, Sociology, Political Science and Economics in general; all of them are required to be kept in view while making a learning plan as the part of classroom curriculum on the one hand and field side task on the other. The best teaching plan will be the one designed to meet the needs and interests of the particular students we are teaching. (McDonald, 2001:23) I have selected the Salmon Ponds in my plan as the area situated in Derwent Valley for my field side task. Since fieldwork is an essential part of my course in SOSE, so all the activities related to it must be well-knitted and properly planned according to the requirements and patterns designed and developed for this purpose. Before embarking upon the t opic, it would be advisable to introduce and discuss the historical and geographical significance of the area under study. Salmon Ponds is situated in the Derwent Valley, which is not only an important part of Tasmania, but also is a remarkable region containing gorgeous scenes of natural beauties and worthwhile charms. Due to its splendid landscapes, magnificent planes and pageant hills, the valley captures the attention of visitors from different parts of the world. Since Tasmania maintains a rich cultural heritage, ideal geographical location and traditional historical background, it is therefore the area provides a lot for studies and research work especially in the discipline of SOSE. It is estimated that Aborigines were the most primitive community of the region, which have been stated living in this area for the last 35,000 years. Tasmania is said to be linked with the mainland nearly ten
Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Criminal justice process - Case Study Example accused witnesses, victims and police officers. The usual procedure has to be followed once the police commence criminal investigation. On the face of it seems that the Police in their eagerness to solve a crime and to charge George had flouted many accepted norms and procedures that ought to be followed while conducting a criminal investigation and taking in to custody a suspect for the alleged crime. Everyone is innocent till proved guilty. My advice to George about the proper procedure that should have been followed at the Police Station will be that in investigating a accused the police if thinks that he may be guilty takes him to the police station for questioning, if the police is reasonably convinced that the accused is involved then they can charge him and make a formal arrest. If the accused is minor then in that case the questioning by the police can be conducted in the presence of the guardian of the accused or any social worker. The accused at the Police Station is well w ithin his rights to ask for a solicitor. The Police can also procure a search warrant to search the premises of the accused and can interview the family, friends etc of the accused. The Police can question the accused up to 72 hours after that either the police can set the accused free or ask the magistrate for 24 hours more for the questioning of the accused. After that if the Police are convinced that there is enough evidence connecting the accused with the crime then in that case it will formally charge the accused. The accused has to be presented in a magistrate's court by the Police the next day and it is the magistrate's discretion to send the accused either in judicial custody or to release him on bail. To sum it up at the Police Station an accused has the right to be treated in a human manner and with respect, he has the right to see the written codes governing the legal rights of the accused, he has a right to speak to the custody officer, he has to be told about the reason of his arrest, a personal phone call by the accused may not be allowed but someone connected to the accused has to be notified by the Police, the accused has the right to consult with a solicitor in private. CPS CODE TESTS TO BE APPLIED IN THIS CASE : 1. Crown Prosecutors decide if a person should be and can be charged with a criminal offence, and then they decide on the nature of offence. The decisions in this regard are made by Crown Prosecutors as per the code and by also taking the Director's help on Charging. Police generally determine the charge, for minor and routine cases but they also have to apply the same provisions. 2. Charging in this case should be made according to the Full Code Test. If the evidence required for Full Code Test is not available then the Threshold test should be applied but the case should be reviewed according to the Full Code Test soon. If the Threshold Test applies in this case then it is fine otherwise the Crown Prosecution Service will only start or continue with a prosecution when the case has passed both stages of the Full Code Test. 3. The Crown Prosecutors should see whether there is enough evidence against the accused to charge him. It should be seen that whether the evidence can be used in court and is reliable. It should be further seen that if the evidence is sufficient to get a conviction against the accuse
Monday, August 26, 2019
Future of Fashion - Essay Example The essay "Future of Fashion" concerns the fashion's future. The visual physical contact will determine to a large extent whether the costumer will like the product or not. The place therefore is very essential because it is where the actual sale occurs. The place of the retailing activity Ã¢â¬â the Store Ã¢â¬â has its evolution: from the retailerÃ¢â¬â¢s house, to a small stall without a roof on a busy street; to a structure with a roof in an open plaza or space, to a big store in a big building, to a shop inside a building with other smaller shops, and to a group of many big stores all housed under a large structure or venue. A storeÃ¢â¬â¢s size may be small, medium or big. It may only have a table where the goods are placed for sale or it may have many merchandising elements like shelves, racks, booths, kiosks, counters, cashiers, aisles, promotional materials and sales people. The shop may be a simple room or an architectural building with interior design to make it attr active for customers to come inside the store. The store therefore performs many functions other than just the place of sale; it also serves as a promotional, advertising and marketing tool. It must attract people to come inside, look at the products and make a purchase. It must give customers a good feeling and pleasant experience for them to visit again and buy. With the hectic changes and very fast-paced improvement of technology however, the significance and effectiveness of the store is slowly being threatened to the point. where it may be relegated to performing a minor or useless role. That single technology challenging the role of the store as the forefront of the retailing business is the Computer-Internet tandem. With changes in technology come also changes in the psychological and mental attitudes of people. Human beings when exposed to the capabilities of gadgets and instruments become attracted to the benefits and amenities that technology brings and they soon begin to have a lifestyle revolving around such technology. These modern tools have brought them up close to and face to face with goods and services through the internet without having to enter a store. According to Campus Market Research, 91% of US college students are online everyday and 74% prefer to buy textbooks online (Sanchez 6). Products can be seen before the monitor of a computer with colors approximating their real value; the specifications of the product may be downloaded and known; and prices from different stores may be viewed and compared. The products can be ordered and paid with credit cards through the internet itself or executed with the support of electronic peripherals like a telephone, cell-phone or fax machine. Lastly, the buyer has the luxury and comfort of having the bought items delivered to his or her doorstep without ever having to step inside a single store! One may be led to think that the Internet may cause the complete obliteration or obsolescence of the stor e. As mentioned earlier, Traditional or Conventional Retailing is done through the Store (store-retailing). It is a real place where real goods are physically located. It is a place where consumers can go to look at the goods they need and possibly buy if they want them. They can see, smell and touch the actual product; they can make real time appreciation and evaluation of the product
Sunday, August 25, 2019
Communication Problems and Recommendations - Case Study Example It is evident that the employees within the company are not pleased with the tendency of Mr. XYZ to hire family members and friends. This has persisted because the employees have not been able to communicate their displeasure to the owner of the company. It is therefore recommended that the management of XYZ to establish a two-way communication process between the management so that the employees will be allowed to talk out their concerns. This would be achieved through forums and meetings where open discussions for improvement could be encouraged (Davis 278). It is through this that Mr. XYZ would be aware of the lateness of his son and the needs of the employees for the successful and efficient attainment of business goals and objectives. The behavior of Larry, Carlos, Juan, and Manny demonstrate a case where effective communication is disregarded by these four Spanish speaking individuals. This is revealed by the fact that they share jokes amongst themselves without involving the non-Spanish speaking individuals. It is evident that these individuals shut others away from communications. Moreover, they assume that other people would not understand what they are talking about. In this regard, it is true to assert that these individuals are barriers to effective communication. It is also possible that the Spanish speakers have not been told how important communication is in any social or professional setting. In the light of this case, it is recommended for those who get in contact with the Spanish speakers demonstrate to them the importance of communication so that they would not shut others from trying to initiate a conversation. Additionally, the cultural or ethnic element within an organization or social interactio n should be prevented from being a barrier to communication (Yi-Hui 334).
Saturday, August 24, 2019
A conceptual framework can be easily developed for accounting. Critically evaluate this statement and provide examples to illustrate your answer - Essay Example Solomons emphasized that the accountants must not distort the financial statement to favor one or more parties to the detriment of the other equally interested parties (Solomons 1996). A conceptual framework can be easily developed for accounting. The prior pen and pencil manual recording of business transaction has metamorphosed into the current software based recording of business transactions. FASB and IASB published Conceptual frameworks as guides for the preparation of financial reports. The WorldCom, Enron, and other accounting scandals have precipitated to the U.S. Sarbanes Oxley Act. Presently, there is a move to harmonise the U.S. conceptual framework and the U.K. conceptual framework (King 2006). Interested parties contribute their inputs to increase the ease in formulating the conceptual framework of accounting. A conceptual framework serves as a guide in the preparation of accounting report. A conceptual framework can be easily developed for accounting. Further, the conceptual framework is a groupÃ¢â¬â¢s painstaking endeavor. Persons and groups from different fields of interest meet to share their opinions, suggestions, comments, and criticisms during the proposal to create a new conceptual framework. Each party will try to make the finalized concept benefit its needs and wants. Finally, a compromised version is approved by a majority of the conceptual framework making group. The approved conceptual framework is then published in accounting journals and explained in the latest accounting textbooks. The companies, especially those listed in the London stock exchange, will incorporate the latest approved conceptual framework in the preparation of its financial statements. Furthermore, accounting is grounded on a conceptual framework. The conceptual framework is to present a fair and true accounting of the daily business operations of the company. Accounting is the language of business. Thus, different parties use the
Friday, August 23, 2019
Climate Change and Its Impact - Essay Example This project will show the fingerprint and harbinger of climate change manifesting through erratic weather patterns or ecological conditions and the possible solutions that can be offered to mitigate its impact. The particular discussion is given to Dubai, United Arab Emirates. The effects of climate change are increasingly felt in many parts around the world. Human life and activities are affected by weather and climate, and changes in climate affect man and animals, food production, water sources and health (Department of Ecology, n.d.). Short-term changes in climate can be classified as normal weather conditions, but utilizing observation on a long-term basis, a trend in changing climate has been identified (Department of Ecology, n.d.). The drastic and unusual effect of climate change that have affected not a few countries are the following: coldest winter in UK in 2008-2009 (since 1996-1997), strong North Atlantic storm in British Isles in 2009 (disrupted power and damaged build ings), Midwest heavy rains and worst floods in June 2008 (since 1993), hurricane Omar in July 2008 with winds of 205 km/hour and ravaged a wide area for 17 days, tropical storm Fay that hit Florida four times with its 100 km/hour winds, the worst drought that hit Spain and Portugal in 2008, the worst South California wildfire that damaged an area of 8,100 hectares in April 2009, the worst Mexico drought in August 2009 that affected 3.5 million farmers, the northern Africa flooding that affected Algeria and Morocco in September to November 2008, and several others (UNEP, 2009). Due to the obvious effects of climate change that include erratic and strong weather conditions, fluctuating temperatures, or changing seasons, states and nations, international organizations, concerned groups and individuals call on everyone.
Thursday, August 22, 2019
Male Serial Killer Essay Serial killing definition has posed some difficult fundamental complications because it encompasses varied forms and it results from many different mental states. Serial murder is defined as the Ã¢â¬Å"unlawfulÃ¢â¬ repetitive killing of many victims over a long period of time by an individual or, (rarely) by a group of individuals. The relationship between the offender and the victim is that of slight acquaintance or of a stranger typology. It also involves the motivation and motive to kill but apparent motives usually are shrouded and not really lacking as has been misconceived in some instances. It is very rare to find these kinds of killers doing it for money. It is mainly for sexual satisfaction, dominance to achieve their Ã¢â¬ËworldÃ¢â¬â¢, and for pure thrill (Koscis, 2007, p. 16). There has been much research is aimed at asserting the most concise psychological profile of serial murderers. Many theories have been brought about but from the varied declarations of different serial murderers, much effort is needed to come up with a consensus as to what is the driving force behind serial murder. Early murderers like Gilles Blithely for example, declared that he tortured his victims entirely for his personal pleasure, physical delight, and that he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do it for any other end or intention. On his part, he was quite bold in getting his victims in the sense that he would even send his servants to haul his victims to his castle as though it was his right to harvest the peasant population as he wished. Gilles was a renowned military hero and a monstrous aristocrat. He gave a precociously modern excuse to his behavior- he directed the blame on his parents, who though they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t abuse him physically, their amoral attitudes made him a hapless victim to the crime (Odell, 2006, p. 22). Apsche has postulated a more specific serial killer profile white states that most serial killers are white males who are usually in their twenties or thirties. They often target strangers around their homes and/or their places of work. According to Eric Hickey, the criminologist who has collected an extensive serial murder demography database, states that males comprise 88% of the serial murderers, Caucasians 85% and that the average age of the first victim claim is approximately 28. 5 years. 62% of the killers exclusively target strangers while another 22% will kill at least one stranger. Furthermore, Apsche indicates that 71% of all the killers will carry out their operations within a specific area/location and will not frequently travel widely to find their victims (Godwin, Rosen, 2005, p. 13). The F. B. I has also come up with a definition of serial killers. The opinion given is that one needs to have committed at least three different murders spaced by a period of time that can be some few days or even several years. This murder spacing duration is what has been referred to as the Ã¢â¬Ëcooling offÃ¢â¬â¢ period. However, the fact that every serial killer applies a trade mark method of killing the victim should also be put into consideration for an individual to qualify as a serial killer. Wayne Gacy for example would always gaggle his victims using their own underpants to make sure they died of their own vomit. The past of every serial killer is very important in order to discover what makes them function as they do. Substantial evidence from varied and many cases prove that almost all serial killers had dysfunctional backgrounds in one way or another. This could have involved: alcoholism and drugs along with their related problems, physical or sexual abuse among others. There are other more universal traits even though they are usually varied in magnitude. Some of these are bipolar mode disorders, disorganized, or disoriented thinking, personal failure feelings resented to the society and social structures, poor socialization, sexual frustrations, and over possessive parents. Others may also be as a result of wild imaginations which that sometimes drag the serial killer to a fantasy mental world. The major and most frequent among the childhood behavioral development characteristics are isolation, very compulsive masturbation, and day dreaming (Godwin, 2008, p. 35). General fantasy is usually brought about by a day dreaming imagination which is over productive. This makes the serial killer attempt to live in this world as a protection from the real world isolation that he has encountered. If children are left alone for long periods with little or no attention at all being given to them, they tend to convert their minds into objects that will serve as the only company. The day dreaming factor then comes in handy especially when they develop inadequacy feelings due to the isolation they have experienced. Additionally, the feelings are often masked a myriad of apparent successes although they are more deep seated than the artificial expressions of neurotic goodness. These early childhood life attachments are referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"bondingÃ¢â¬ . They are the ones which are attributed to how the affected individual will react to others in later life. Proper interaction with others in society therefore is not learned by the child who sees others as mirror images that reflect their isolators (Godwin, 2008, p. 39). There is much recent research which has been done concerning the antisocial personality disorderÃ¢â¬â¢s (ASPD) etiology and which has primarily been focused on environmental risk factors identification. Many other recent studies have considered biological and genetic influences as they interact with the environment. It has however, been proved a little bit difficult to distinguish between the factors as either environmental or biological mainly because it is not possible to eliminate their interaction. Nevertheless, there have been admirable advances in these studies particularly in the identification of the environmental and biological ASPD indicators. Moreover, there is much limitation in distinguishing between psychopathy from ASPD and research will usually find consistent and similar risk factors that are common in both psychopathy and ASPD. On the same note, examination of the personality, behavioral and historical characteristicsÃ¢â¬â¢ heterogeneity has greatly failed as they have been represented by serial killer populations. Identification of risk factors that could lead to violent and antisocial behavior is necessary and of paramount importance as it help in predicting individuals who are highly susceptible to committing these violent and antisocial crimes. This is particularly important in that it would aid the creation of effective treatment and intervention programs for these persons, even though violent offendersÃ¢â¬â¢ treatment programs often do not yield the desired results. In profiling the serial killers, mothers continually get a lionÃ¢â¬â¢s share of the blame as concerns the causes of serial killing. In studying early childhood behaviors of serial killers, it is found that they had usually been described as Ã¢â¬Å"a little off childÃ¢â¬ by their parents or were abandoned, or worse still were compelled to loneliness due to a myriad of reasons. As children, fledgling serial killers had common characteristics such as; they would often wet their beds, set fires, and torture animals. These are red flag characteristics or behaviors which are referred to as the triad of symptoms. Additionally, there are other historical factors of serial killers which include; trauma, head injury, abuse, antisocial behavior, insecure attachments, low or minimal arousal degrees, and abandonment or loss of a caretaker or a parent (Kamir, 2001, p. 51). Prime examples of these serial killers are Ed Gein, Gary Ridgeway, and john Wayne Gacy all of whom had been verbally and physically abused by parents. They also had endured forms of trauma and head injuries. In his early childhood, Ted Bundy thought that his mother was his older sister as he grew up and that his parents were his real parents. Jeffrey DahmaÃ¢â¬â¢s mother was mentally ill and ingested a lot of drugs while carrying JeffreyÃ¢â¬â¢s pregnancy. Many other differentiated cases are recorded. In many serial killersÃ¢â¬â¢ history, the most disturbing, and common factor is their unnatural and unusual relationships they had with their mothers. These often include sadistic and sexual elements which could be inappropriate or exposure as children to their mothersÃ¢â¬â¢ sexuality and sexual activities. Others were significantly dressed as girls or were subjected by their mothers to sadistic sexual behaviors. These factors later made them develop some maternal uncanny characteristics such that some killed women and regarded them as Ã¢â¬Å"sluts and wholesÃ¢â¬ , from the impact of their mothers relationships. It is also very crucial to study the victimology or the overall victimÃ¢â¬â¢s history in making psychological profiles of serial killers. This is from the perspective that when the reasons for a person becoming the victim of serial killing are identified, then it follows that the motive behind the killing will be unearthed. The victimÃ¢â¬â¢s risk, personality, history, and physical characteristics all form a fundamental basis for homicide investigations as well as crime scene evaluation. Cumulative research has shown that victims will mostly consist of vulnerable persons such as adolescents, children, females, the elderly, runaways, and prostitutes. Victimology can thus assist in linking separate violent crimes that were committed by a single offender and therefore become one among the most important solving and classification tools of violent crimes (Kamir, 2001, p. 58). Victimology has particularly served a valuable tool in an attempt to identify and capture serial killers because the victim is usually a stranger to the crime perpetrator. For example, GaryÃ¢â¬â¢s victims were mostly prostitutes, and John Wayne GacyÃ¢â¬â¢s victims were mainly adolescent boys whom he lured to his home with the promise that he would pay them. Ted Bundy on his part would fake injury to attract college-aged, kind-hearted women to his car, and almost all of them had long hair. Jeffrey Dahmer would promise to pay his victims if they allowed him to photograph them. It is however, difficult to apply victimology, both in identifying the serial killer or the next possible victim, particularly when victim characteristics considerably vary. This is the reason why investigators will rely on other crime aspects at the scene of crime in their attempt to profile and apprehend the serial killers. Modus Operandi (MO) refers to the actions that the offender undertook while perpetrating the crime. It must be a learned behavior which is developed over time from use and past success. This will continually evolve as it keeps on being modified depending on previous experiences with victims. For example, Wayne and Dahmer were previously arrested after being convicted for teenage boysÃ¢â¬â¢ assault and served sometime in prison. From then onwards, they made sure that they always killed their victims to eliminate any possible witnesses in future. Another example of how modus operandi evolves for serial killers was during the time serial killer Dennis Rader encountered victim Kathryn and her brother Kevin after waiting for her in her house without expecting her to have company. He hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t carried his Ã¢â¬Å"tool kitÃ¢â¬ with him and this cost him some embarrassment which he swore to have let happen again. He promised himself he would never again leave it behind as he went on his Ã¢â¬ËhuntingÃ¢â¬â¢ sprees (Odell, 2006, p. 26). Another aspect that is used in profiling serial killers is the signature factor which is also called the calling card. This is the unique, ritual, or personal expression that is demonstrated by the offender during crime commission. This is always based on the fantasies of the offender and an offenderÃ¢â¬â¢s personality will always be left behind every time a signature is left. It is different from modus operandi since it represents a conduct that is far much beyond the necessary criminal commission behaviors. By leaving a signature, the serial killer aspires to gain satisfaction from the crime he has committed as driven by his fantasies. Another difference between modus operandi and the signature or the calling card is that the signature is a constant aspect but the MO may keep on evolving. It is possible, however, that a signature aspect may increase in intensity. Gary numerously revisited his victimsÃ¢â¬â¢ bodies after dumping them to increasingly reengage in necrophilia sexual activities with them and hence reliving his crimes. Dennis Rader on his part would perennially taunt the police by writing them sexually explicit letters that described his crimes as well as where the bodies of his most recent victims could be found. These letters were all signed BTK as an authenticating certificate of his crimes. Along with the signature aspect, MO, and victimology, the organized/disorganized serial killersÃ¢â¬â¢ classification is an extremely important tool in serial killers profiling. The hypothesis is that organized serial killers will commit the crime after they have been subjected to stressful and precipitating events. They are also expected to be persons of average intelligence and who are usually socially competent. In most instances, these serial killers plan their offenses and apply restraints on their victims. Furthermore, they take from their victims some souvenirs or trophies which are mainly little extrinsic value items which they use to for later fantasy stimulation. They precisely go to the crime scene with a weapon which is intended to be used in committing the crime and which they carry with them after crime commission (Koscis, 2007, p. 40). Disorganized serial killers on the other hand are those who are hypothesized as opportunistic killers. They minimally restrain their victims and they may leave such things as semen, blood, murder weapon, blood and other items on the scene of crime. They will also openly display their victimÃ¢â¬â¢s bodies and their intelligence is always below average. They are also thought as socially incompetent persons. There is also a third category which is called mixed offender typology and which consists of both the disorganized and organized characteristics. This happens during situations where more than one offender is involved or when there is involvement of alcoholism and drugs. A crime may also be referred as mixed if the offender inexperienced or very young as well as if the crime had been planned but in the process of committing it some unexpected occurrences interfered (Godwin, Rosen, 2005, p. 20). Serial profiling however, encounters many similarities as well as differences and it therefore calls for concerted efforts to be able to pin the offender. This is more so because most of the evidence provided usually relies on the serial killers confessions which may disoriented or far fetched than is the real truth. Furthermore, it is paramount to address the issue of the exact relationship between psychopathy and serial murderers for more scientific conclusions to be deducted. Reference Godwin Grove (2008) Hunting Serial Predators: A Multivariate Classification Approach to Profiling Violent Behavior. London: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, pp. 35, 39 Godwin Grover Rosen Fred (2005) Tracker: Hunting Down Serial Killers. New York: ThunderÃ¢â¬â¢s Mouth Press, pp. 13, 20 Kamir Orit (2001) Every Breath You Take: Stalking Narratives and the Law. Michigan: University of Michigan Press, pp. 51, 58 Koscis Richard (2007). Serial Murder and the Psychology of Violent Crimes: An International Perspective. New York: Humana Press, pp. 16, 40 Odell Robin (2006) Ripperology: A Study of the WorldÃ¢â¬â¢s First Serial Killer and a Literary Phenomenon. New York: Kent State University, pp. 22, 26
Wednesday, August 21, 2019
Personal Ethics Statement Essay Ethics is a branch of philosophy, which address various issues that regards to morality and the general human behavior in society (Vendemiati 2004). Ethics identifies whether something is good or bad, ignoble or noble, just or unjust, or whether acts of people should be classified as being vices or virtues. Being ethical entails a number of integrated moral aspects that revolves around the common moral law of doing good and avoiding what is evil. Personal Ethics Statement Based on my personal experience and learned life lessons, being ethical means having the correct moral standards and practices that guide ones behaviors and the actions taken in life thus making one to be able to constantly do what is right and avoid evil. Being ethical therefore means having the right thought, always being positive in life, and ensuring that one has the right attitude that would guide in ensuring that immoral behaviors that could harm other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives either directly or indirectly are avoided at all cost. Ethics also involve individuals being able to accept the wrong things they do and be willing to change for the better. Being ethical, according to me, therefore involve being morally upright, having the morally accepted life values, and having the desire to serve other people through ones best use of mind, body, and spirit without being coerced to do so. Based on my life experience and the studies that I have previously conducted, I have come to learn that though religion is a vital aspect of the common moral law, being ethical involves more that being good to oneself. The life experience has also made me to understand the fact that ethics involves being in a position to be submissive to the higher authority and ensuring that one avoids doing what is immoral. The fact that people who do not harm other people physically, morally, or socially get to be appreciated and loved by others elaborates what being ethical really means Ã¢â¬â being good (Mackie 1990). Previously, I have been making ethical decisions based on the teachings I have received from my parents and teachers and through copying the positive aspects of my friends and other people around me. I have always strived to ensure that the decisions I make in life do not contravene the common moral law and other governing rules and regulations in society. This involves being just and ensuring that I make decisions that would have a long term benefits and enhance the common good of all humanity. My core believes and values are that all people are equal and that we all deserve to be treated equally by being accorded the respect we deserve as human beings. I also strongly believe that the decisions we make in life should constantly be guided by the common moral law of doing good and avoiding evil rather than our self interest. Since I always strive to ensure that I accord other people fair treatment and mutual respect, I always expect to receive similar fair treatment and to be appreciated for the good things I do. Furthermore, I do not expect favors from other people but rather expect to be corrected whenever I do wrong. For instance, whenever I do favor to other people such as giving them medication when they fall seek, I always expect to be thanked and not to be given a token in return. This is illustrated by the fact that whenever my neighbors and friends are in need of food or tuition fees, I have always strived to ensure that I share with them the food I have or help them get the money, if I can, and I do not demand repayment to be made. Conclusion According to Mackie (1990), ethical standards are crucial in reinforcing the practice of the morally upright behaviors and acts in society. Courage is important for people to constantly act in an ethical way. Good personal and interpersonal leadership and management skills help individuals to make morally upright decisions without thinking of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self interest. For instance, treating customers with respect and wide acceptance improve business performance. References Vendemiati, A. (2004). In First Person, The outline of Ethics, The general perspective, Rome, The Urbaniana, The University Press. Mackie, L. J. (1990). Ethics: The Invention of the Wrong and the Right. London, Penguin. ISBN: 0-14-013558-8.
Nouns: Functions, Meaning of and How to Use The Noun Phrase What does a noun phrase mean? Noun phrase is a word that comes from two words, the first one is noun and the second one is phrase. The Meaning of Noun Noun is a word that used to call a persons, animals, things, places, and ideas. For example, Persons : Jimmy, Susan, Peter, John, Angelo, Michael, etc. Animal s: bird, elephant, tiger, snake, whale, etc. Things : car, building, table, pen, etc. Places : airport, opera house, museum, Eifel tower, etc. There are many different types of nouns: common noun, proper noun, abstract noun, concrete noun, countable noun, mass noun, and collective noun. Types of Nouns 1. Common Noun is a noun in general referring to person, animal, place, or thing. For example: man, boy, monkey, bank, gun, and television. A young man walks along the road. A monkey likes to eat banana. Sally work in a bank. A policeman sees a gun near the river. The children want to watch a television. 2. Proper Noun is a noun of specific person, place or thing. Example: Tom, Haiti, China, Monday, or December. Tom is a soldier. There were many people death in Haiti last month. The panda are from China. They will do to the sea in December. The sun is the center of solar system. 3. Abstract Noun is a noun which we cannot perceive by senses. For example: thought, beauty, wisdom, friendship. Nobody can read our thought. The young girls always talk about her beauty. The friendship between friends is very important. 4. Concrete Noun is a noun which is opposite of abstract noun. We can perceive by senses: sight, touch, taste, hearing and smell. 5. Countable Noun is a noun which we can count. We can use in singular and plural form. For example: pen pens, car cars, year years. A student wants to buy the new pens. Her mother go to see a new car. 6. Mass Noun or uncountable noun is a noun which we cannot count and it does not have plural form. For example: water, milk, gas, oxygen, furniture. Water is good for health. The children must drink milk for their growth. Human needs oxygen for life. We want to see the new furniture for our new house. 7. Collective Noun is a noun of grouping things, persons or animals. For example: committee, flock, class. The committee meets every Tuesday. The flock of sheep are in the pasture. The class will start at nine thirty. The grammatical functions of noun in a sentence can be subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, object complement, appositive noun. Functions of Nouns Nouns can be the subject in a sentence which do an action with a verb. Example: Jimmy wants to go Thailand. A bus stops in front of the school. Nouns can be object in a sentence, both direct object and indirect object. Example: Direct object Tommy washes his car every month. My mother buys some fruits from the market. A naughty boy hits a small dog. Example: Indirect object I gave Michael the camera. My friend sent me some parcels. Nouns can be object of preposition. Example: I saw my old friend at the museum. Museum is the object of preposition at. He drove his car to the office. Office is the object of preposition to. Nouns can be subjective complement. Example: The fried chicken are delicious. The fried chicken taste delicious. Nouns can be objective complement. Example: We find the fried chicken delicious. Nouns can be appositive noun. It means that appositive is a noun placed near another noun. Example: My brother, John is in town for the reunion. The movie, Avatar won the best motion picture in 2010. The Meaning of Phrase Phrase is a group of words function as a single unit in the syntax of sentence or a group of grammatical connected words within a sentence. There are many types of phrase. They are noun phrase, verb phrase, adverbial phrase, adjective phrase, participle phrase, prepositional phrase, absolute phrase, infinitive phrase and gerund phrase. The Meaning of Noun Phrase Noun phrase is a group of words in a sentence which together behave as a noun in a sentence, for example: the night train, the man in black. Noun phrase also consists of pronoun or noun with any associated modifiers, including adjectives, adjective phrases, adjective clauses and other nouns in the possessive case. Noun phrase can be like noun as subject, object of verb, subject or object complement, or object of preposition. For example: subject: Small boys often insist that they can do it by themselves. object of verb: To read quickly is Eugenes goal. subject complement: Frankenstein is a name of the scientist not the ghost. object complement: She considers panda is her favorite animal. Noun phrase can be analyzed into both functional constituents and formal constituents. From the functional point of view, the noun phrase has four components. The determinative, that constituent which determines the reference of noun phrase in its situation context. Pre-modification, which comprises all the modifying or describing constituents before the head. The head, around which the other constituents cluster. Post-modification, those which comprise all the modifying constituents placed after the head. Heather Marie Kosur said that there are five grammatical forms can perform the grammatical function of noun phrase modifier in English language. (Heather Marie Kosur:2009) The five grammatical forms that can functions as nouns phrase are nouns phrases, adjective phrases, preposition phrase, verb phrase and relative clauses. Noun phrase can make use of the apposition structure. It means that the elements in the noun phrase are not in head-modifier relationship but in a relation of equality. The head of noun phrase can be implied. The implied noun phrase is most commonly used as a generic plural referring to human being. (Arnold Zwicky: 2008) Noun phrase also can be headed by elements others than nouns, pronouns or determiners which has given rise to the postulation of a determiner phrase instead of a noun phrase. Some purposes, noun phrase can be treated as single grammatical units. It is most noticeable in syntax of English genitive case. Noun phrase are prototypically used for acts of reference. Not often, noun phrase is used for predication. And noun phrases are used for identifications. The possible for a noun phrase to play the role of subject and predicate lads to the constructions of syllogisms. How to use Noun Phrase in my classroom? For my teaching in a primary school, it is very difficult for the students to learn more about noun, types of nouns and functions of nouns. The students cannot remember all of them. Sometimes they do not know what different between each words in a sentence. I have many steps of my teaching about nouns to make my students understand and remember easily. First of all, teach the students pronounce the words correctly by repeating again and again. When they can pronounce the words they also know and understand the meaning of the words too. Second, let the students practice how to spell the words by writing or dictation. After that teach them use the words write the sentences. The sentences they write must not be the complex sentences but they are easy or simple sentences. Next, I always teach my students about countable nouns and uncountable nouns in order to let them know how to use the articles: a, and, the, or the different determiners. Then tell them about singular or plural words, I also explain them how to use verbs with each singular nouns or plural nouns when they write the sentences, too. It is very difficult to make the students understand and remember how to use the articles relate with singular nouns and plural nouns and also with verbs. For example: The children go to school. Some of the students understand that children is singular noun so they write a wrong sentence as The children goes to school. but some of them know that it is plural noun so they write a sentence correctly. During teaching how to use the article with nouns, I also teach the students about the proper nouns because I want them to know and use the correct article the with the proper nouns. Not all of the proper nouns can use with article the but some of them can use article and some cannot. Sometimes the students forget what is proper noun or common noun so I try to let them practice the words as many ways as I can. The ways I teach my students how to practice the words are using activities, games, worksheet and also assignments. The next step is teaching the students know how to use nouns with the other types of words especially with the adjective. It is very difficult to explain to the students to understand how to use adjectives with nouns. The adjectives always go before nouns and also describe or identify the nouns. But for my students they always forget how to place the adjectives. They sometimes put the adjectives after the nouns. Sometimes they do not know what word is adjective or not so they often use the wrong word. The way to solve this problem is try to train the students practice by giving them many exercises such as the exercise about noun phrase which use adjective, for example: the red car, a big green tree, etc. It is very difficult to explain the rules of nouns phrases for the students to understand clearly all of the nouns phrases or how to know what nouns phrases are. Normally for Thai students, they are easy to forget the rules of language because they do not use foreign language in their daily life but only in the English class or do the examination or have the competition that they must use English or other language. So they do not attend to study or remember foreign language like English. The important thing for the students is how to remember the words so they must like to speak, read and write the words or sentences and sometimes sing the songs. They just do that every day like their routine not only in the English period they learn but they can do in the free time. In my opinion, the last thing that the English teacher must do is how to make the students feel good or comfortable with the good atmosphere in learning English and love to learn English with their pleasure and have happiness, too. References Arnold Zwicky. Starting out on the wrong foot. Language Log. http://languagelog.ldc.upenn.edu/nll/?p=75. Retrieved 2008-11-01. Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary. Heather Macfadyen. University of Ottawa Canada University. www.aets.uottawa.ca Heather Marie Kosur. The grammatical Noun Phrase Modifier in English. 2009 Term: Noun Phrases. UsingEnglish.com http://www.usingenglish.com/grossary/noun-phrase.html. Retrieved 2008-11-01. The American HeritageÃâÃ ® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy. Third Edition. Copyright ÃâÃ © 2005 by Houghton Miffin Company. All right reserved. http://www.brighthub.com/education/language/articles/32754. http://ict.moph.go.th/English/content/noun01.htm http://www.iscribe.org/english/noun.html http://www.towson.edu/ows/noun.htm
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
Espionage: to spy, the gathering of information Espionage is the secret gathering of information on rival countries for military purposes. Espionage can be used in business, military, economic or political decisions however; it is commonly employed government for defensive tactics. Espionage or spying is illegal in many nations however, it gains profits from agencies to protect the secrecy of information that is desired. Espionage is an old ancient craft; it has been used through out history. The BibleÃ¢â¬â¢s book of Joshua (The Old Testament) states that the leaders secretly sent out spies to reconnoiter a country. Also the Chinese Military theorist Sun TzuÃ¢â¬â¢s, who wrote a book The Art Of War written in 500 B.C, provides instruction for organizing an espionage system with agents and defectors also known as rebels. Homer a Greek philosopher who wrote Ã¢â¬Å"IlliadÃ¢â¬ mentions the Egyptians had a well-developed secret service and spying agents. During the middle ages Joan of Arc , the world renown female spy was betrayed by Bishop Pierre Cauchon of Beavais, As a result Sir Francis Walsingham developed an efficient political spy system for Elizabeth I. During the American Revolution, Nathan Hale and Benedict Arnold achieved their fame as spies during the U.S. Civil War. In the United States the CIA or the Central Intelligence Agency is the main agency for gathering secret information and responsible for operations outside the United States. The FBI or Federal Bureau of Investigation has the primary responsibility for counterespionage activities within the United States. Counterespionage is when a country or an organization captures a hostile spy and turns them into a so-called Ã¢â¬Å"double agentÃ¢â¬ who sends false information to their own organization. It prevents other nations from gaining such information. Under international law, these activities are not illegal, but individual nations have laws against spying. However, spies are not considered with common or uncommon criminals. They are neither sinners nor international lawbreakers. If spies are caught they are either send back to their country, sent to jail or used as counterespionage (double agents). Espionage involves the recruiting of agents in local and foreign nations. Agents are encourage to have the ability of possessing information, using audio surveillance as well as the use of modern photography, sensing and other techniques and technology to gather secret information. Surveillance with high technology equipment on the ground or from high-altitude planes and satellites has become an important espionage technique. The Qualities of a Spy
Monday, August 19, 2019
The World is Far From Perfect in Candide Candide is a great man that has encountered and accomplished many things. Candide has traveled far and wide through out his quest. He has encountered many things. He has been treated poorly by the government by being flogged multiple times by a two thousand-man army. To have his teacher lynched in front of his very eyes. He has met many people in his quest some nice and some not nice. Over all he was reunited with his friends and his true love. Voltaire's illustrate disenchantment of the old order though Candide's dealings with the church, government and the people. Voltaire's illustrates his disenchantment of the old order through Candide's dealing with the church. As an old man states,"Religion! Why of course we have a religion" (Voltaire 79). He states that he believes in one religion. He strongly stresses that there is only one religion that he and his people believe in and no others are accepted. The old man also states, "We never pray, we have nothing to ask of god, since he has given us everything we need" (Voltaire 79). They the people of Eldorado are optimistic because they have all they need, but you will never have all you need. You will always need something; you will never be complete. Some people through out his quests believed in one way of life and no other. Voltaire's disenchantment of the old order through Candide's dealings with the government. As Candide states "He was an admiral, but why execute the admiral because he did not have enough deaths to his credit." (Voltaire 111) They expect their soldiers to live up to their expectations by killing a certain amount of people. It should not be determined on the amount of people you kill, but by the way you use your power to conquer other countries. Cunegonde's brother states "The rulers of Paraguay accept as few Spanish Jesuit as they can." (Voltaire 66) The government is not in the right by choosing certain people to enter their country. Their government is racially selective, they do not want people entering their country that are not the same race or religion. Through out Candide's quests the government has caused him many hardships.
Sunday, August 18, 2019
Language Separation in Immigrant Families In America, each family usually has a standard language spoken in the household. Communication is easy and mothers can talk with their children and they can connect with them. Some people who have this benefit are unaware that some families do not have this advantage in their homes. Lee Thomas and Linh Cao understand that some families have language change through each generation. Cao herself lived in house where her relatives used several different languages and learned first hand that there are many losses when a family doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t share a common language. Thomas and Cao wrote this article specifically for parents and families that have language separation through generations. Both authors have background knowledge about language from their experiences. Thomas was a teacher of linguistics at the University of Nevada. Cao taught English at Sparks High School in Nevada. Cao also grew up in a family where the language predominately spoken by each person changed by age group. She was born in Vietnam and her first language was ...
Saturday, August 17, 2019
5AR4 Full Wave Rectifier The 5AR4 is a heater-cathode twin diode designed for full-wave rectifier opertion. High output current and small size make this tube especially suitable for compact amplifier designs. ELECTRICAL Cathode Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ coated unipotential Heater Voltage AC or DC Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 5. 0 ! 0% Volts Heater Current Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 1. 9 Amps MECHANICAL Base Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. Intermediate-Shell Octal 5 pin Bulb Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ T-9, 1 3/16Ã¢â¬ ³ max. dia. Max. overall length Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 7/16 inch Max. seated height Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢ â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. 2 7/8 inch Max. diameter Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 1 9/32 inch Mounting Position Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ any RECTIFIER SERVICE Ã¢â¬â MAXIMUM RATINGS Ã¢â¬â Design Center Values Peak Inverse Plate Voltage Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 700 Volts AC Plate-Suppl Voltage per Plate Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. See Rating Chart 1 Steady-State Peak Plate Current per Plate Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 825 mA Transient Peak Plate Current per Plate, Max. Duration 2 Seconds Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 3. 7 Amps DC Output Current Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦. See Rating Chart 1 TERMINAL CONNECTIONSPin 1 Pin 2 Pin 4 Pin 6 Pin 8 Internal Connection Heater Plate Number 2 Plate Number 1 Heater and Cathode (Revised 6/3/99) P E N T A L A B O R A T O R I E S 974 0 COZYCROFT AVENUE * CHATSWORTH * CALIFORNIA 91311 (800) 421-4219 * (818) 882-3872 * FAX: (818) 882-3968 ELECTRON TUBES FOR INDUSTRY 5AR4 Full-Wave Rectifier Design-Maximum values are limiting values of operating and environmental conditions applicable to a bogey tube of a specified type as defined by its published data, and should not be exceeded under the worst possible conditons.The tube manufacturer chooses these values to provide acceptible servicability of the tube, taking responsibility for the effects of changes on operationg conditions due to variations in tube characteristics. The equipment manufacturer should design so that initially and throughout life no design-maximum value for the intended service is expected with a bogey tube under the worst possible conditions with respect to supply-voltage variation, equipment component variation, equipment control adjustment, load variation, signal variation, and environmental conditions.FULL-WAVE RECTIFIER WITH CAPACITOR-INPUT FI LTER AC Plate-Supply Voltage per Plate, RMS Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 450 Total Plate-Supply Resistance per Plate Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 160 DC Output Current Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 225 DC Output Votlage at Filter Input Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 475 550 200 160 620 Volts Ohms mA Volts FULL-WAVE RECTIFIER WITH CHOKE-INPUT FILTERAC Plate-Supply Voltage per Plate, RMS Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 450 Filter Input Choke Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 10 DC Output Current Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 250 DC Output Votlage at Filter Input Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.. 375 Tube Voltage Drop Ib=225 mADC per PlateÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦ 7Volts 550 10 225 465 Volts Henrys mA Volts To simplify the application of the maximum ratings to circuit design, the Design-Maximum ratings are presented in a chart form as Ratings Charts 1, 2, and 3. Rating Chart 1 presents the maximum ratings for a-c plate supply voltage and d-c output current. Rating Chart 2 provides a convenient method for checking confornance with the steady-state peak-plate current rating. Rating Chart 3 offers a convenient method for checking conformance with the
Friday, August 16, 2019
Salon Reception Duties Ã¢â¬â Produce A Guide Recording Appointments And Messages Accurately ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to record appointments accurately so that the therapists know what clients they have at what time. If you fail to record an appointment accurately then you could cause a real problem when a client comes into the salon to find out there not on the therapists schedules which could of been avoided by doing the job properly. You could also lose clients by not paying enough attention and giving them the wrong times and days as they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t think your salon is reliable. You also need to make sure all the therapists get a lunch break between clients and also time to set their equipment up, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to book clients to close to each other, otherwise the client may feel as if the therapist is rushing them and wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be satisfied with their overall experience. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to record messages accurately when working in a salon so that the therapist s no if anyone would like them to ring them back or if they have a query. Also, you may not be certain on what a client wants so say youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take a message, when doing so you need to make sure you take their full name and contact number and whatever the message is their giving. You should also get them to repeat their name and number to make sure the information you have is correct otherwise when you or a therapist is calling back you may not be able to get through to them, again losing a client. If the message is urgent and they need to be contacted ASAP you need to make sure itÃ¢â¬â¢s clear that is it and put it in a separate place to the non urgent messages. Dealing With Client Enquiries Promptly And Politely Whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s an internal or external enquiry you should always try to answer it with little or no delay and you need to be polite, it might not just be a client whoÃ¢â¬â¢s calling or that has come into the salon, it could be someone who is just buying your products and you should see to them in a punctual manner. By doing this they Ã¢â¬â¢ll want to come back, if you show no interest in what there enquiring youÃ¢â¬â¢ll lose custom and reputation. It could even be someone who supplies your products ringing for your salon to stock up, if youÃ¢â¬â¢re ever unsure of what someone is enquiring and how to answer you would need to refer the enquiry to another member of staff or the manager. Other internal people who may enquire you include of current clients or a member of staff, other external people include of new clients, suppliers of products you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have or even people wanting to market your salon. Dealing With Confidential Client Information Under The Data Protection Act If you handle personal information about individuals, for example, a consultation form, you have a number of legal obligations to protect that information under the data protection act. It gives rights for any client to have a copy of their personal data and to block, erase or destroy anything that is incorrect about them. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s important to keep all confidential information in a locked file away for their personal comfort and to prevent unauth orised access, alteration or accidental loss. You should never talk about any ones personal information people outside the salon or in front of other clients in the salon.
1.2 Younger people with dementia diagnoses may still be employed have children and a family and it can be a lot more distressing for them when diagnosed than someone who is older, they have a better awareness of what is coming and what is going to happen, and older person may not realise they have dementia at first, and out it down to Age, and by the time they are diagnosed they have had it for some time so the trauma is not so severe and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t have dependents to worry about, so the experiences can be quite different. 1.3 People with disabilities are more prone to developing dementia at an earlier age that people who have no disability, although the symptoms may be similar and they may not get the correct diagnosis or be able to understand the diagnosis. Different Ethnic Groups may have a lower awareness of dementias and they are more prone to having more than one type of dementia linked in with medical problems and this can delay diagnosis, so they are not getting the support they need early on, There is also a stigma in some cultures, thinking they are possessed they are locked up with no treatment and sometimes even killed, so it can be difficult to breach this barrier making their experiences more harrowing. It can also make it difficult to present their needs culturally as their history may not be in this country so person centred approaches can be difficult for them. End of life can mean that they have been diagnosed with dementia for some time and if there is no plan in place for palliative care, or they have not already detailed their needs then the support they get at end of life might not be what they want, they will lack understanding of what is happening and this can distress the family members. Having a good plan in plac e reduces this, so people with dementia at end of life still have their needs, wishes and preferences respected and reduce the distress caused. Read more: Principles of diversity equality and inclusion essay 1.4 A carer may become distressed, frustrated, lack sleep become depressed, dementia is a full time job, they become confused, donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember people who are family members, and they will eventually forget the basics of life, this can be very distressing watching a family member with dementia as they areÃ not recognising their children, partners ect. It is not a slow process and this affects their well-being. 2.1. The current legislation The Equality Act, The Human Rights Act and the equality and diversity policies in place all reflect what is in the agreed ways of working in the plans and policies and procedures. This makes sure that the client is always at the centre of planning and the support they receive, they are encouraged to make decisions and given the choices that are reflected in the support plans, making sure they are included, they are offered outings and encouraged to be a part of the communities they live in, this promoted inclusive practices and promotes the c lients themselves. 2.2 Because they lack understanding, they have lost their memories and the basics of life skills, this makes them very vulnerable to people thinking they are acting in their best interests, it also makes them targets for people who would want to exploit them as they have forgotten what money they had, they have been convinced to give them power of attorney, they may become reliant on their carers who keep them isolated in their homes and make excuses. 2.3 The person with dementia may feel depressed, lost, not understand what is happening, they may not realise what is happening until the damage is done and then not understand why it happened causing them to become very distressed, feel isolated, let down, it all feels strange and upsetting. 2.4 Diversity, equality and inclusion are the differences between us all in our religious beliefs, cultural needs, preferences, they are addressed by learning about their histories, their past, what they need in the religious beliefs cultural needs from diet, to clothing, support, who supports them, the activities they take part in, by having individual plans in place that reflect their individual needs and preferences, by making sure they are involved in the planning and reviewing processes all of their individual needs can be met. 4.3 I would explain to them how the individual might feel, what effect this can have on them. I would also report it to the Manager immediately so training and support can be put in place for them, this is all recorded in the staff files and it is monitored so it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t happen again. We promote inclusive practices and the client is always involved in choices and decisions no one should work in any other way.
Thursday, August 15, 2019
Philosophers and critics have long argued over which way the maxim should read:Ã does art imitate life, or does life imitate art?Ã Historically, artists of every medium have contributed to the social dialogue via there works, whether through hieroglyphics depicting a successful journey to the underworld, a holy Requiem for the dead, or shock artist Robert MapplethorpeÃ¢â¬â¢s sexually and religiously controversial exhibits.Ã Music transcends most art forms as a tool for unification because it inherently invites participation, even more so than dance or theater in the realm of the performing arts, which demand more individual preparation.Ã Songs and chants can be generated anywhere, and often hearken back to indigenous folk music that taps into a communal experience, thus strengthening the sense of interconnectedness. In Latin American, two similar genres of music developed out of the cultural music of the region in response to contemporary socio-political issues that personally affected in Chile and Cuba.Ã In Chile, Nueva CanciÃ ³n (Ã¢â¬Å"New SongÃ¢â¬ ) emerged in the mid-1960s, just as Nueva Trova was taking root in Cuba.Ã In light of the New Song movementÃ¢â¬â¢s intimate relationships in the revolutions that rocked Latin America during the late 60s to mid 70s, one is urged to conclude that Eric SelbinÃ¢â¬â¢s assertion regarding revolutions being Ã¢â¬Å"madeÃ¢â¬ not Ã¢â¬Å"arrivingÃ¢â¬ more accurately reflects the inherent ideological influence in socio-political upheaval.Ã As Nancy Morris records a member of the musical movement saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬â¢[Canto Nuevo is] not just a post-1973 way of singing.Ã In what is said and how itÃ¢â¬â¢s said poetically and musically, Canto Nuevo is a processÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (qtd. in Morris 118). Both musical movements stemmed from artistic reactions to the living and working conditions in Chile and Cuba respectively, and both embraced traditional folk musicÃ¢â¬â¢s conventions as a platform to express politicized lyrics.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"New Song began as a fusion of traditional musical forms with socially relevant lyrics.Ã Although each country has developed variations of New Song that reflect local social and political conditions and musical styles, New Song as a whole can be characterized as music intended to support and promote social changeÃ¢â¬ (Morris 117). In Chile, songwriter, activist, educator, poet and martyr Victor Para wrote songs that for many defined the atmosphere of the movement and the hope of the community. His song, Ã¢â¬Å"Plegaria a un Labrador,Ã¢â¬ which Ã¢â¬Å"uses Biblical language to convey a message of hope and change,Ã¢â¬ was chosen as the best song of the Primer Festival de la Nueva CanciÃ ³n Chilena in 1969 (Morris 120).Ã JaraÃ¢â¬â¢s music (and the music of the entire movement) was like a responding chorus to the political requests of Salvador Allende, the Unidad Popular (Ã¢â¬Å"Popular UnityÃ¢â¬ ) coalition candidate.Ã In Ã¢â¬Å"Plegaria a un Labrador,Ã¢â¬ Jara wrote the following lyrics: levÃ ¡ntate y mÃ rate las manos,Ã para crecer estrÃ ©chalas a tu hermano. Ã Juntos iremosÃ unidos en la sangre. Ã Hoy es el tiempo que puede ser maÃ ±ana Ã rise up and look upon your hands, Ã so as to grow clasp your brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s in your own. Ã We shall advance together united in our blood. Ã Today is the time/when we can shape tomorrow. These lyrics suggest a call to arms and a charge to unify (i.e., Ã¢â¬Å"Unidad PopularÃ¢â¬ ) so that the many can affect positive change for the good of the citizenry.Ã Yet there is still a sense of hope in the song, that the working class have the capacity to stand together and Ã¢â¬Å"advance,Ã¢â¬ not simply battle meaninglessly against oppression.Ã Jara went on to openly support Allende, including performing free concerts. Only three years after Allende was elected, the US-supported military staged a coup on September 11, 1973.Ã Allende most likely committed suicide. Ã¢â¬Å"The music of the Nueva CanciÃ ³n was severely affect by this media censorship [after the coup]. It was banned from the airwaves, removed from record stores, confiscated, and burnedÃ¢â¬ ¦ musicians were exiled, imprisoned, and, in the well-known case of Victor Jara, killedÃ¢â¬ (Morris 123). On September 12, 1973, Jara and thousands of other Allende supporters were taken to the Chile Stadium, where Jara was tortured and murdered.Ã The new government tried to silence the Nueva CanciÃ ³n by forcing the musicians to hide, but the music was not the property of the musicians; as Jara so eloquently wrote, the music was for the working people of Chile, and thus is was not to be completely suppressed. In Cuba, the revolution began with in 1953 with the guerilla attack on the Moncada Barracks and culminated in the overthrow of Fulgencio BatistaÃ¢â¬â¢s government on January 1, 1959 by a group, which included Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, and Ernesto Ã¢â¬Å"CheÃ¢â¬ Guevara.Ã After he assumed power, Castro spent the early part of the 1960s eliminating all Batista loyalists, including the mass execution of 70 Batista regime soldiers.Ã One crucial element of support for CastroÃ¢â¬â¢s social change, even in the wake of such brutality, was the proliferation of songs that supported the revolution and its progressive intentions. Artists such as Silvio RodrÃ guez andÃ Pablo MilanÃ ©s were responsible for the Nueva Trova in the late 60s, and their efforts were directed to re-imagining the traditional music for the new culture under CastroÃ¢â¬â¢s political umbrella.Ã To this end, the government sponsored and supported those artists of the movement, because they were, in turn, supporting the progressive movements of the new party.Ã Both RodrÃ guez and MilanÃ ©s wrote songs for Che Guevara, for example.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"By negotiating their way through Cuban cultural politics, Rodriguez's generation defined their politics in the process, proving Cuban culture to be diverse and inspiring,Ã¢â¬ ¦challenging propaganda clichÃ ©s by creating the distinctive self- critical songs of the Cuban revolution,Ã¢â¬ (Fairly 15). In both countries, the music makers were part of the recipe for social and political change.Ã Their lyrics gave illiterate people a way to express their frustrations and concerns, and the musicians of the Nueva CanciÃ ³n worked with and against the political forces of their day.Ã As Fairly writes:Ã In a country not blessed with newspapers, the words of songs matter: songs like the iconic Ojala, a song about impossible desire and dreams that seems to capture all life's uncertainties in one, became the soundtrack of everyday life across the Spanish-speaking world. Although he was no apologist for the revolution, Rodriguez's popularity at home became so great that people joked that he had gone from being Ã¢â¬Å"bannedÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"obligatory.Ã¢â¬ (15)Ã This sense of obligation is part of the way in which many people have a hand in creating and growing massive socio-political movements. Works Cited Jan Fairley. Ã¢â¬Å"Film & Music: Jazz, World, Folk etcÃ¢â¬ ¦ An accidental hero: For Latin Americans, Silvio Rodriguez is the equivalent of the Beatles and Dylan rolled into one. Ahead of a rare UK visit, Jan Fairley met the Cuban singer.Ã¢â¬ The Guardian Sept. 2006: 15.Ã Ã National Newspapers, London, UK. ProQuest. 6 Feb. 2007 ;http://www.proquest.com/;Ã Morris, Nancy.Ã Ã¢â¬Å"Canto Porque es Necesario Cantar: The New Song Movement in Chile, 1973-1983.Ã¢â¬ Latin American Research Review 21.2 (1986): 117-136. ; ;
Wednesday, August 14, 2019
InterClean-Enviro Tech Merger Paper With the impending merger between InterClean and EnviroTech, it has become very important that both companies realize the most important issue that will make their merging successful; and that is understanding that customers are becoming more concerned about the rigorous environmental safety requirements that have started to plague the industrial cleaning and sanitation industry. Health care clients are being put on notice as to the new regulations that are rising about the maintenance of how sterile they are able to keep their environment. This merger will not only provide customers with the usual offering of products that can only cut through the grime and kill most of the germs that are present in these clients environments, but it will also give the client the opportunity to receive training for the clients employees, regular monitoring of the satisfaction of the product, possible full cleaning service contracts and also consistent information sharing of guideline changes. At this point, the plans that the CEO David Spencer expects to meet as far as staffing is concerned are as follows: Ã¢â¬ ¢Inventory the skills of the current sales force, and identify skills and competency levels needed for the new sales direction. Determine which gaps need to be filled with new hires. Ã¢â¬ ¢Establish optimal size and composition of the sales force. Ã¢â¬ ¢Project estimated training and development costs. Ã¢â¬ ¢Develop a staffing audit process, and identify phases of execution. (Universty of Phoenix, 2013, p. 4). The CEO, Mr. Spencer has opted to try and acquire 60 of EnviroTechs sales staff and operations specialists for the InterClean merger. Once the above mentioned tasks are completed, then The HR department will be able to determine whether or not they will need to start doing possible rightsizingÃ within the company. Although it seems obvious that this is not the current plans for the company, when mergers take place there is always the possibility that some employees may lose their positions. Rightsizing, according to Ã¢â¬Å"Rightsizing vs. Downsizing? Big Difference!Ã¢â¬ (2012), tends to be less detrimental for an organization than downsizing is. Downsizing tends to come at the time when an organization is put into the position of having to let go of employees due to economic issues, natural disaster, and other uncontrollable circumstances. However, rightsizing is looked at in a more positive light by some. Even though it is pretty much the same outcome, rightsizing is a more proactive stance for the organization to take because instead of waiting for disaster or hard times to hit that will cause lay-offs, the decision makers are constantly assessing the market trends and needs, new ideas for the organization and also new technologies available for the organization. Rightsizing focuses on the future of the organization and does a sort of forecasting to determine what skills they will need their employees to have in order to guide the organization in the way that is desired. Once this is done it will give the decision makers, mostly managers and HR staff, a better vision of who they need to hire, what training is needed for new and existing employees and/or what employees that may need to eliminate. Understanding the position that InterClean is in right now, this would be the best opportunity for them to determine if they are going to take part in rightsizing within their organization. The HR staff is taking all the necessary steps to determine if they any staffing changes will be necessary during this merger. If it comes to the point where InterClean sees that it will have to make adjustments and layoffs some of its employees the most ethical and legal way to do so will be for them to use the performance evaluations of the employees and measure their abilities to perform the jobs to help them determine who goes and who stays. They can also take the step of retaining the senior employees in each department as well. However, there are senior employees that coming over from EnviroTech as well so they must be kept in consideration to retain their positions as well, because they are the senior employees for the acquired company and their knowledge will be needed for the direction the company is trying to travel in. The company may find that some of their senior employees are not the best qualified. Seniority based layoffs can raise important but thorny procedural internal labor market issues, such as how to exactly county seniority and what bumping rights employees targeted for layoffs might have (Heneman & Judge, p. 26, 2009). Therefore, InterClean must ensure that must be in line with the laws and regulations that have been set up for things of this nature. Layoffs must be based on legitimate basis such as merit, seniority, or performance. When and if the choice comes for InterClean to make the choice of involuntary separations, they should still make sure that all the necessary steps are taken to ensure that all employees from both companies are afforded the opportunity to have their performance evaluations reviewed to make sure they are given the best chance to be retained among all other employees. They must make sure that they have reviewed the laws for involuntary layoffs and have their contingencies in place just in case those employees that may have been let go try to fight the decision the company has made. Anytime an organization is consideration the acquisition of another company, there is always the possibility that some employees may be eliminated. In the acquisition between InterClean and EnviroTech, the CEO seems to have made it clear that he wants to try and bring as many employees over from EnviroTech to utilize their expertise in the organization and also towards the plans and direction he has envisioned for the organization. While rightsizing is similar to downsizing and can even be thought of as the same, rightsizing does not seem to have such a sizable negative impact, unlike downsizing: partly because, the managers are consistently trying to implement strategic ways to help the organization become more efficient, competitive and profitable. References Heneman, H., & Judge, T. (2009). Staffig Organizatons (6th ed.). Retrieved from https://ecampus.phoenix.edu/content/eBookLibrary2/content/eReader.aspx Rightsizing vs. Downsizing? Big Difference!. (2012, September). The Growth Strategist, . Retrieved from http://ambler.com/article-library/rightsizing-vs-downsizing-big- difference/ Universty of Phoenix. (2013). InterClean-EnviroTch Merger Scenario. Retrieved from University of Phoenix, HRM/548 website.
Tuesday, August 13, 2019
Aviation Information Technology - Essay Example Regional airlines cover only certain destinations in a specific region and do not have international flights. They are relatively smaller than national airlines and generate an income of between $20 million to $100 million in a year. This class is the fastest growing category since it covers most destinations that major airlines may choose to ignore and also offers the convenience as they do not have to stop at hubs for layovers. Low-cost carriers are those airlines that offer lower fares and fewer comforts as well. Since the fare tickets are relatively cheaper, the airlines may charge for extra services in the planes to make up for the revenue lost through decreased fares. Services such as seat allocating, baggage and food may be charged separately. Non-EU airlines are those that are not registered in the European Union, but still operate in their airports. Airlines play different roles in various industries. The travel and tourism industry is the highest recipient of airline services since they work very closely together. The travel and tourism industry depends on the air travel to provide services to their customers. Airlines are responsible for the provision of mass and fast transportation of passengers between countries while ensuring standardized, safe and economic conditions are observed. Airlines also play an imperative role in driving the global economy. This is because of the greatly reduced time of travel which enables businesses to operate in a fast and more convenient way without wasting time waiting for raw materials or delivering goods to consumers. Presently, airlines are one of the most frequent users of the internet in their daily operations. Ticket sales makeup the largest portion of all online sales. Airlines were among the earliest practitioners of e-commerce and have benefitted the most from the adoption of e-commerce as compared to other industries (Yang 2001:1), with revenues increasing and costs reducing dramatically.
Monday, August 12, 2019
The Impact of Globalisation on BRIC Economises - Literature review Example Globalisation has been attributed to the acceleration of international economic integration, which has been unexpected in numerous ways. However, there are expectations that this might contribute to the vulnerability of workers in BRIC economies. There are resenting developments in the world concerning the increased importance of emerging economies, for instance, China has become a large exporter, whereby it has raised its reputation in international production networks entailing off shore business. Therefore, globalization has enabled these countries to work together in order to counter well-established interests and organizational structures. The relationship between America and Europe has been substantial in facilitating the developments between the BRIC countries.Globalization in BRIC countries that are attributed to integration with the inputs, finished goods, and services, which are underscored by increased business transactions in the world trade. There are factors that are sp ecific to each country or region, and they have an influence to domestic and trade reforms in BRIC countries since these countries have made a significant expansion of their exports, thus contributing to the development of their economies.In addition, this has a significant distinction of the BRIC to other countries in the world; for example, ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s performance has been in accordance to the perceptions of the pubic in other countries that have been attributed to the same economic performance, such as India, Russia and Indonesia.... The relationship between America and Europe has been substantial in facilitating the developments between the BRIC countries. Globalization in BRIC countries that are attributed to integration with the inputs, finished goods and services, which are underscored by increased business transactions in the world trade. In fact, the ratio of trade-to Ã¢â¬âtrade GDP and the shares of the value addition by the exporters has fostered a uniform development in the wide range of various economies in the world. There are factors that are specific to each country or region, and they have an influence to domestic and trade reforms in BRIC countries, since these countries has made a significant expansion of their exports, thus contributing to the development of their economies (European Commission, 2009, 1). In addition, this has a significant distinction of the BRIC to other countries in the world; for example, ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s performance has been in accordance to the perceptions of the pubic in other countries that have been attributed to the same economic performance, such as India, Russia and Indonesia. Globalization in the BRIC economies has made a significant contribution to the creation of opportunities for investors, whereby the multinationals in the world are targeting these countries, with the objectives of exploiting their markets (Dranitsyna, 2007, 1). For instance, in China, the General Motors made higher sales compared to America, in 2010, and there are expectations that China will become the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest market for aviation and luxurious goods. In fact, BRIC countries have eliminated competition concerning growth and incremental consumption with other countries in the future. Moreover, globalization has caused a shift in the global consumption towards the emerging
Sunday, August 11, 2019
The Legacy of Joe and Rose Kennedy - Essay Example Since Rose spend most of her time with her children, she was initially the most influential parent and the children all adopted her moral, Catholic ways. Joseph Kennedy, on the other hand, would earn his influence over his children by amassing the wealth required to build the basis of a family fortune. Joseph Kennedy and the unregulated stock market of the 1920's were made for each other. With nerve and intelligence he ruthlessly manipulated the market and used collaborators and compliant journalists to boost the stock artificially. At its peak, Kennedy sold the stock and reaped the benefits. He told friends that he needed to make this easy money fast - "before they pass a law against it" (Whalen 49).Kennedy moved to Hollywood in 1926, leaving Rose to come with the strains of the household and raising their growing family. Of Hollywood Kennedy told friends, "This place is a gold mine" (Whalen 121). He made another fortune turning out low-budget movies with cast-off stars and plenty of garish publicity. Off-screen Kennedy soon became interested in the most seductive Hollywood actress of them all, Gloria Swanson. In turn, Swanson wante d Kennedy to manage her affairs. Within a short time they became lovers (Whalen 121). This is the start to an interesting trend in Kennedy history, as not all the Kennedy men would remain loyal to their wives, and two of the brothers, Robert and John, would eventually fall in love with the most beautiful actress in Hollywood history-Marilyn Monroe. Whether or not the children knew about the affair, and whether or not it had any influence on their later actions, is difficulty to say. However, it does certainly establish the fact that Kennedy men of both generations would have a soft spot in their... No other political family in history has ever had this much public interest form around them as the Kennedys did, mainly because no other political family has ever been quite as interesting. This essay demonstrates political mystique, that all began with a wedding ceremony, when Joseph Kennedy married Rose Elizabeth Fitzpatrick on October 7, 1914, and through triumph and tragedy they shaped one of this countries most politically prominent families of the 20th century. The Kennedy legacy, that is the main topic of the essay does live on, mostly at the present time through Ted Kennedy, who continues to be active in the Senate and whose legacy reflects upon that of his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s and brothersÃ¢â¬â¢. Ted is also still Catholic, a fact Rose would be proud of. However, the other sons and daughters of Joe and Rose Kennedy certainly also were influenced by their parents, as can be seem in their political drive and acceptance of, or rejection of, the Catholic religion. Rose and Joe hea vily influenced their children, as most parents do, however, they had the money and power to actually forward their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s careers, which they did. Whether politics was always a Kennedy ambition or only JoeÃ¢â¬â¢s ambition is difficult to say, as it seems Joe did want all of his sons to go into politics. RoseÃ¢â¬â¢s influence can also be seen in the children, as John Kennedy, for instance, would become the first Catholic President. Therefore, the influence of Rose and Joe Kennedy helped to spur a dynasty of AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s royalty, the Kennedys.